Poverty and Economic Dislocation Reduce Compliance with COVID-19 Shelter-in-Place Protocols

33 Pages Posted: 8 May 2020

See all articles by Jesse Driscoll

Jesse Driscoll

University of California at San Diego

Konstantin Sonin

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy; Higher School of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Jarnickae Wilson

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Austin L. Wright

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2020

Abstract

Shelter-in-place policies reduce social contact and mitigate the spread of COVID-19. Inconsistent compliance with social distancing creates local and regional interpersonal transmission risks. Using county-day measures on population movement derived from cellphone location data, we investigate whether compliance with local shelter-in-place ordinances varies across US counties differentially exposed to the recent trade war. In communities more exposed to retaliatory tariffs, compliance is significantly lower. Measures of local income and partisanship are also strongly predictive of compliance. Findings suggest targeted economic relief and non-partisan messaging could improve future compliance.

Keywords: compliance, COVID-19, shelter-in-place

JEL Classification: H12, I18

Suggested Citation

Driscoll, Jesse and Sonin, Konstantin and Wilson, Jarnickae and Wright, Austin L., Poverty and Economic Dislocation Reduce Compliance with COVID-19 Shelter-in-Place Protocols (April 2020). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14618, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3594248

Jesse Driscoll (Contact Author)

University of California at San Diego ( email )

9500 Gilman Drive
La Jolla, CA 92093-0519
United States

Konstantin Sonin

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Higher School of Economics ( email )

20 Myasnitskaya street
Moscow, 119017
Russia

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Jarnickae Wilson

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Austin L. Wright

University of Chicago - Harris School of Public Policy ( email )

1155 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.austinlwright.com

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