On How Religions Could Accidentally Incite Lies and Violence: Folktales as a Cultural Transmitter

Palgrave Communications, 6, 82, 2020

, DOI: 10.1057/s41599-020-0442-3

13 Pages Posted: 4 Jun 2020

See all articles by Quan Hoang Vuong

Quan Hoang Vuong

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management; Phenikaa University

Mạnh Tùng Hồ

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University

Hong Kong Nguyen

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Students; Toan Viet Info Service

Thu-Trang Vuong

Vuong & Associates; Sciences Po, Students

Trung Tran

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Khanh-Linh Hoang

Duy Tan University

Thi Hanh Vu

Foreign Trade University (FTU) - School of Economics and International Business

Hanh Hoang Phuong

Vietnam Institute of Educational Sciences (VNIES)

Minh-Hoang Nguyen

Centre for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University ; Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University

Manh-Toan Ho

Vuong & Associates; Phenikaa University, Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Students; Thanh Tay University

Viet-Phuong La

Vuong & Associates

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 7, 2020

Abstract

Folklore has a critical role as a cultural transmitter, all the while being a socially accepted medium for the expressions of culturally contradicting wishes and conducts. In this study of Vietnamese folktales, through the use of Bayesian multilevel modeling and the Markov chain Monte Carlo technique, we offer empirical evidence for how the interplay between religious teachings (Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism) and deviant behaviors (lying and violence) could affect a folktale’s outcome. The findings indicate that characters who lie and/or commit violent acts tend to have bad endings, as intuition would dictate, but when they are associated with any of the above Three Teachings, the final endings may vary. Positive outcomes are seen in cases where characters associated with Confucianism lie and characters associated with Buddhism act violently. The results supplement the worldwide literature on discrepancies between folklore and real-life conduct, as well as on the contradictory human behaviors vis-à-vis religious teachings. Overall, the study highlights the complexity of human decision-making, especially beyond the folklore realm.

Suggested Citation

Vuong, Quan Hoang and Hồ, Mạnh Tùng and Nguyen, Hong Kong and Vuong, Thu-Trang and Tran, Trung and Hoang, Khanh-Linh and Vu, Thi Hanh and Hoang Phuong, Hanh and Nguyen, Minh-Hoang and Ho, Manh-Toan and La, Viet-Phuong, On How Religions Could Accidentally Incite Lies and Violence: Folktales as a Cultural Transmitter (May 7, 2020). Palgrave Communications, 6, 82, 2020, , DOI: 10.1057/s41599-020-0442-3, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3594986

Quan Hoang Vuong

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management ( email )

ULB CP 145/01
21 Ave. F.D. Roosevelt
Brussels, Bruxelles 1050
Belgium
+32-2-6504864 (Phone)
+32-2-6504188 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ceb-ulb.com/vuong-quan-hoang.html

Phenikaa University ( email )

To Huu road, Yen Nghia
Ha Dong district
Hanoi, Hanoi 100803
Vietnam

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/vuongqh2019/

Mạnh Tùng Hồ

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University ( email )

1-1 Jumonjibaru
Beppu City, Oita 874-8577
Japan

Hong Kong Nguyen

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Students ( email )

Beppu
Japan

Toan Viet Info Service ( email )

D4 Giang Vo
Ba Dinh
Hanoi
Vietnam

Thu-Trang Vuong

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Sciences Po, Students ( email )

28 Rue des Saint-Peres
Paris, Paris 75006
France

Trung Tran

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Khanh-Linh Hoang

Duy Tan University ( email )

182 Nguyễn Văn Linh, Thanh Khê
Da Nang
Vietnam

Thi Hanh Vu

Foreign Trade University (FTU) - School of Economics and International Business ( email )

Vietnam

Hanh Hoang Phuong

Vietnam Institute of Educational Sciences (VNIES) ( email )

101 Tran Hung Dao, Hoan Kiem
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Minh-Hoang Nguyen

Centre for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University ( email )

Hanoi
Vietnam

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University ( email )

Beppu
Japan

Manh-Toan Ho (Contact Author)

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Phenikaa University, Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Students ( email )

Hanoi
Vietnam

Thanh Tay University ( email )

Yen Nghia Ward, Ha Dong District
Hanoi, 100803
Vietnam

Viet-Phuong La

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

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