The ASEAN’s Responses to COVID-19: A Policy Sciences Analysis

32 Pages Posted: 10 May 2020

See all articles by Riyanti Djalante

Riyanti Djalante

United Nations University-Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability

Laely Nurhidayah

Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia

Jonatan Lassa

Charles Darwin University

Hoang Van Minh

Hanoi University of Public Health

Yodi Mahendradhata

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM)

Nguyen Thi Ngoc Phuong

Hanoi School of Public Health

Angelo Paolo L Trias

Nanyang Technological University (NTU) - S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS)

Michelle Ann Miller

Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore

Susanti Djalante

Tokyo Metropolitan University

Muhammad Sabaruddin Sinapoy

Halu Oleo University

Date Written: May 1, 2020

Abstract

The World Health Organisation (WHO) announced the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) it as a pandemic on March 11th, 2020. The pandemic has brought havoc globally as more than 190 countries and territories are affected as of 30 April 2030. The crisis suggests that no country can deal with the pandemic alone. International cooperation including regional cooperation is essential for any country to survive. We are particularly interested in Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN) cooperation and performance under COVID-19 because it has been one of the regions where regional cooperation on health security has been functioning based on lessons from SARS 2003 and H1N1 2009. The “One Vision, One Identity, One Community” of ASEAN has merits under COVID-19 response but remains invisible. The method encompasses analysis of published materials issued by and accessible from the ASEAN website, complemented with analysis for media articles including social media, supported by published academic journal articles. All of the authors have expertise on ASEAN policies in the field of health, disasters, and regional policy and planning. Some authors have also worked from various international organisations working on issues related to the ASEAN region.

This paper aims to document and analyse how ASEAN member states respond to COVID-19. It asks how to cooperate under the One-ASEAN-One Response framework. This paper also compares the 10 member states’ policy responses from January to April 2020. We utilise the framework of policy sciences to analyse the responses. We found that the early regional response was slow and lack of unity (January - February 2020). Extensive early measures taken by each member state are the key to the success to curb the spread of the virus. Although, during March and April 2020, ASEAN has reconvened and utilised its existing health regional mechanism to try to have a coherent response to the impacts. Strengthening future collaboration should be implemented by recognizing that there is a more coherent, multi sectoral, multi stakeholders and whole-of-ASEAN Community approach in ensuring ASEAN’s timely and effective response to the pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19, ASEAN, Pandemic, Policy, Disasters, Health, Regional cooperation, health system resilience

Suggested Citation

Djalante, Riyanti and Nurhidayah, Laely and Lassa, Jonatan and Minh, Hoang Van and Mahendradhata, Yodi and Phuong, Nguyen Thi Ngoc and Trias, Angelo Paolo L and Miller, Michelle Ann and Djalante, Susanti and Sinapoy, Muhammad Sabaruddin, The ASEAN’s Responses to COVID-19: A Policy Sciences Analysis (May 1, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3595012 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3595012

Riyanti Djalante (Contact Author)

United Nations University-Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability ( email )

United nations university, Shibuya
Tokyo, 153 0000
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://https://ias.unu.edu/en/

Laely Nurhidayah

Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia ( email )

Jakarta, 12710
Indonesia

Jonatan Lassa

Charles Darwin University ( email )

Ellengowan Dr, Casuarina NT
Darwin, 0810
Australia

Hoang Van Minh

Hanoi University of Public Health

138 Giangvo
Hanoi
Vietnam

Yodi Mahendradhata

Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) ( email )

B-2000 Antwerp
Belgium

Nguyen Thi Ngoc Phuong

Hanoi School of Public Health ( email )

138 Giangvo
Hanoi
Vietnam

Angelo Paolo L Trias

Nanyang Technological University (NTU) - S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS) ( email )

Blk S4, Level B4
Nanyang Avenue
Singapore, 639798
Singapore

Michelle Ann Miller

Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore ( email )

Susanti Djalante

Tokyo Metropolitan University ( email )

1-1 Minami Ohsawa, Hachioji-shi
Tokyo 192-0397
United States

Muhammad Sabaruddin Sinapoy

Halu Oleo University ( email )

Kampus Bumi Tridharma, Andunonohu
Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi
Indonesia

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