Applying the Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) Model to Juvenile Justice
Criminal Justice Review, Vol. 40, Issue 3 (September 2015), pp. 277-302
27 Pages Posted: 5 May 2021
Date Written: 2015
Application of the Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) model in adult correctional research and practice is well developed, but remains underway in the juvenile justice system. The RNR model may facilitate a shift from punitive practices in the juvenile justice system toward individualized assessment and treatment of youth fostering rehabilitation and reintegration. This article reviews the history of the RNR model in adult correctional settings, its theoretical application to the juvenile justice system, and available tools and literature utilizing RNR principles in juvenile justice settings. Criticisms of applying the RNR model to the juvenile justice system and future research directions are addressed.
Keywords: juvenile justice, comparative crime/justice, violent behavior,
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