Benefits From the Adoption of Genetically Engineered Innovations in the Ugandan Banana and Cassava Sectors: An Ex Ante Analysis

IFPRI Discussion Paper 1927

92 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2020

See all articles by Enoch Mutebi Kikulwe

Enoch Mutebi Kikulwe

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jose Falck-Zepeda

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Herbert Oloka

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Judy Chambers

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

John Komen

Biosafety Systems

Patricia Zambrano

IFPRI

Ulrike Wood-Sichra

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Hillary Hanson

International Food Policy Research Institute

Date Written: May 7, 2020

Abstract

The Government of Uganda has implemented programs and policies to improve the agricultural sector’s recent underperformance. Uganda’s two main food security crops, bananas and cassava, have been critically affected by two diseases: Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW) and Cassava Brown Streak Disease (CBSD). The effectiveness of agronomic and cultural practices to control these diseases has been limited, requiring better alternatives. The Ugandan R&D sector in collaboration with international partners have developed genetically engineered innovations that can control both diseases. To examine the potential benefits to consumers and producers from the adoption of genetically engineered banana and cassava with resistance to BXW and CBSD, we use a set of economic impact assessment methods. These include an economic surplus model implemented via IFPRI’s DREAMpy framework, a real options model and a limited gender assessment. Results from the economic surplus approach suggest that the adoption of both technologies can benefit Uganda. These results were confirmed for the case of bananas and partially for the case of cassava using the real options and the gender assessment performed. Results from this assessment are predicated on Uganda maintaining an enabling environment that will ensure the deployment and use of both innovations. Looking forward, continuing to improve enabling environment for innovation in Uganda will require addressing current R&D, regulatory, technology deployment and product stewardship processes constraints.

Keywords: bananas, cassava, ex ante impact assessment, crop losses, genetically modified organisms, plant diseases

Suggested Citation

Mutebi Kikulwe, Enoch and Falck-Zepeda, Jose and Oloka, Herbert and Chambers, Judy and Komen, John and Zambrano, Patricia and Wood-Sichra, Ulrike and Hanson, Hillary, Benefits From the Adoption of Genetically Engineered Innovations in the Ugandan Banana and Cassava Sectors: An Ex Ante Analysis (May 7, 2020). IFPRI Discussion Paper 1927, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3595604

Enoch Mutebi Kikulwe (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jose Falck-Zepeda

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Herbert Oloka

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Judy Chambers

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

John Komen

Biosafety Systems ( email )

Patricia Zambrano

IFPRI ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Ulrike Wood-Sichra

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

Hillary Hanson

International Food Policy Research Institute ( email )

2033 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States

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