Financial Time Series Analysis and Forecasting with HHT Feature Generation and Machine Learning
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry
28 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2020 Last revised: 24 Apr 2021
Date Written: May 11, 2020
We present the method of complementary ensemble empirical mode decomposition (CEEMD) and Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) for analyzing nonstationary financial time series. This noise-assisted approach decomposes any time series into a number of intrinsic mode functions, along with the corresponding instantaneous amplitudes and instantaneous frequencies. Different combinations of modes allow us to reconstruct the time series using components of different timescales. We then apply Hilbert spectral analysis to define and compute the associated instantaneous energy-frequency spectrum to illustrate the properties of various timescales embedded in the original time series. Using HHT, we generate a collection of new features and integrate them into machine learning models, such as regression tree ensemble, support vector machine (SVM), and long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network. Using empirical financial data, we compare several HHT-enhanced machine learning models in terms of forecasting performance.
Keywords: time series, signal processing, machine learning, support vector machine, long short-term memory, Hilbert-Huang transform, empirical mode decomposition
JEL Classification: C14, C41, C55
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