Retos de la pandemia del Covid-19 para el estado de derecho, la democracia y los derechos humanos (The Challenges that the Pandemic Caused by Covid-19 Has Presented for the Rule of Law, Democracy, and Human Rights)

26 Pages Posted: 8 May 2020 Last revised: 18 Jun 2020

See all articles by Carlos Ayala Corao

Carlos Ayala Corao

Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (UCAB)

Date Written: May 8, 2020

Abstract

Spanish abstract: Este artículo analiza los retos que la pandemia causada por el Covid-19 ha presentado para el Estado de Derecho, la democracia y los derechos humanos. Los Estados han enfrentado jurídicamente esta pandemia, dictando estados de excepción o emergencia de diversos tipos, con medidas extraordinarias que incluyen el encerramiento domiciliario, el distanciamiento social y la cuarentena de las personas. Estas medias restrictivas han afectado, entre otros, el ejercicio de derechos de reunión pública y las manifestaciones y la celebración de elecciones. Además, se ha visto afectado el funcionamiento normal de los controles de los poderes legislativo y judicial. Las medidas adoptadas además han puesto en evidencia, la necesidad de garantizar el igual acceso a la salud pública y de darle un trato diferenciado a determinados grupos vulnerables. En conclusión: todas las medidas extraordinarias para enfrentar la pandemia deben estar dentro de la Constitución y el Derecho internacional.

English abstract: This article analyses the challenges that the pandemic caused by Covid-19 has presented for the rule of law, democracy, and human rights. The States have faced this pandemic, issuing states of emergency of various kinds, with extraordinary measures that include stay-at-home orders, social distancing, and the quarantine of people. These restrictive measures have affected, among others, the exercise of rights of public assembly and demonstrations and the holding of elections. Furthermore, the normal functioning of the controls of the legislative and judicial powers has been affected. The measures adopted have also highlighted the need to guarantee equal access to public health and to give differential treatment to certain vulnerable groups. All the extraordinary measures to face the pandemic must be within the Constitution and international law.

Keywords: pandemic, Covid-19, rule of law, democracy, human rights, states of emergency

Suggested Citation

Ayala Corao, Carlos, Retos de la pandemia del Covid-19 para el estado de derecho, la democracia y los derechos humanos (The Challenges that the Pandemic Caused by Covid-19 Has Presented for the Rule of Law, Democracy, and Human Rights) (May 8, 2020). Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law & International Law (MPIL) Research Paper No. 2020-17, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3596040 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3596040

Carlos Ayala Corao (Contact Author)

Universidad Católica Andrés Bello (UCAB)

Av. Teherán
Urb. Montalbán, La Vega
Caracas, Distrito Capital 1020
Venezuela

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