Blockchain Code as Antitrust

Thibault Schrepel & Vitalik Buterin, Blockchain Code as Antitrust, 2020

12 Pages Posted: 18 May 2020 Last revised: 16 Jun 2020

See all articles by Thibault Schrepel

Thibault Schrepel

Harvard University (Berkman Center); Utrecht University School of Law; University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne; Sciences Po

Vitalik Buterin

Ethereum Foundation

Date Written: May 18, 2020


In this article, we show that blockchain can help in reaching the goals of antitrust law in situations where the rule of law does not apply. We detail what needs to be done to this end, from both a technical and legal standpoint.

Keywords: Block-chain, Antitrust, Smart Contract, Block-chain Antitrust, Transaction, International Transactions, Rule of Law, Rule of Code

JEL Classification: K21, K2, K22, K23, K1, K29, D23, D21, D22, D29, C70, C71, C72, K24, K33, K42, K40, K41, L12, L14, L1

Suggested Citation

Schrepel, Thibault and Buterin, Vitalik, Blockchain Code as Antitrust (May 18, 2020). Thibault Schrepel & Vitalik Buterin, Blockchain Code as Antitrust, 2020, Available at SSRN: or

Thibault Schrepel (Contact Author)

Harvard University (Berkman Center) ( email )

Harvard Law School
23 Everett, 2nd Floor
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Utrecht University School of Law ( email )

Janskerkhof 3
Utrecht, 3512 BK

University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne ( email )


Sciences Po ( email )

27 rue Saint-Guillaume
Paris Cedex 07, 75337

Vitalik Buterin

Ethereum Foundation ( email )

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