Pomegrantes Economics and Medicinal Aspects in the World
34 Pages Posted: 11 May 2020
Date Written: May 11, 2020
The study was carried out since 9th,May, 2020. The major objective was to examine the pomegranate economic and medicinal aspects in the world. Total 12 articles were downloaded from the net and read many times and analyzed the situation and wrote the result. It play important role in health development. The pomegranate is known as a super food. Its jewel-like seeds (arils) have been used for medicinal purposes for millennia. Packed with powerful antioxidants and vitamins, this ruby-red fruit has been shown to be a cure-all for just about any ailment. It helps stomach upsets, menopausal hot flashes, hemorrhoids, conjunctivitis, osteoarthritis, lowers blood pressure, stimulates the immune system, wards off the flu, reduces inflammation, reduces risk of heart disease and lowers cholesterol.“The peel is good for the heart and blood vessels; the white membrane is good for stopping diarrhea and good for wounds and ulcers of the mouth and throat. The fruit also strengthens the brain, cleanses the body and blood from toxins, and is very good at expelling worms from the intestines,” The pomegranate does best in well-drained ordinary soil, but also thrives on calcareous or acidic loam as well as rock strewn gravel. Once established, pomegranates can take considerable drought, but for good fruit production they must be irrigated. To establish new plants they should be watered every 2 to 4 weeks during the dry season. The plants are tolerant of moderately saline water and soil conditions. In the West, the trees are given 2 to 4-ounce applications of ammonium sulfate or other nitrogen fertilizer the first two springs. Its production started from March and reached to November. Every year its demand is increasing and due to its demand the acreage in the world also increases. All world countries now try more for its plantation. The most well known varieties in the world are wonderful and Bhagwa while now a day ACCO is also considered the good variety of the world. At the global level, India is the world’s largest producer of pomegranates, followed by Iran. Other countries like Turkey, Spain, Tunisia, Morocco, Afghanistan, China, Greece, Japan, France, Armenia, Cyprus, Egypt, Italy and Palestine also cultivate this fruit crop. At present good-quality pomegranates come from Turkey, Iran, Morocco, Afghanistan, and Spain. The Indian pomegranate production is growing by 20 to 25% every year. Demand is on the rise, both at domestic level and in the export market. India is the only country able to deliver pomegranates all year round thanks to its climate. The best-known variety in India is the Bhagwa, a huge sweet variety of really good quality. India is a big player and exports to destinations in Europe, the Middle East and Asia. The country is also expecting to enter the U.S. market. India competes with various players in the world, but it manages to stand out with unique varieties. The trend in India is convenience; pomegranates are widely appreciated and the seeds are really popular among consumers. Majority industries are working in UK and Germany and so most pomegranates are exported to UK and Germany from India. Spain is also exported country of the world and it competes very well with Turkey. Pomegranate is the best component of the Afghanistan economy. There majority people also grow the Poppies and get 17% income of the total agriculture income. Pakistan also grow this fruit in Baluchistan . Similarly Iran is also the best country in pomegranate production in the world while Iran cannot export to other countries of the world due to some restriction by America while Iran future of pomegranate is very broad. It is used in Wine and other juices of the world and mostly also converted into Anardana. Its peel is used as a medicinal plant and make capsule from the peel and use for the purpose of injury. On every angle Pomegranate is popular in the world. The well known pest of the pomegranate are mealy bug , thrips, scale, white fly and Leaf hopper. Due to water shortage its production is highly affected. It mostly grown in tropical and subtropical region of the world while five hundred MM rainfall is sufficient for its growth and it also survive on -100F while It is best maintained at a temperature of 32° to 41° F. and can be kept for a period of 7 months within this temperature range and at 80 to 85% relative humidity without shrinking or spoiling. The farmers of the world of developing countries are very poor and marketing strategy is also very weak. So on the basis of problems the study recommends that to provide more loan on low interest to the farmers in the world by IMF and World Bank; Pesticides center should be established for pest control in each country of the world; Water shortage problems should be solved and arrange good canal system in the world; Modern technology should be applied for uplifting pomegranate production in the world; Best world market is required for enhancing pomegranate production in the world; Good transportation also play great role in pomegranate production development in the world; Without good finance the uplifting of pomegranate is impossible ; Peace is also required in the world for development of pomegranate. In the era of militancy the majority pomegranate gardens were destroyed in the Afghanistan.
Keywords: Pomegranate, Economics, Medicinal, World
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