Does Board Gender Diversity Influence Firm Profitability? A Control Function Approach
29 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2020
Date Written: June 8, 2017
We investigate the relation between board gender diversity and firm profitability using the control function (CF) approach recently suggested by Wooldridge (2015). The CF method takes account of the problem of endogenous explanatory variables that have potential to bias the results. Using a sample of firms that made up the S&P 500 over the period 2004-2015, we find that the presence of women on corporate boards (measured either by the percentage of female directors on corporate boards or the Blau index of heterogeneity) has a positive and significant (at the 1% level) effect on firm profitability (measured by the return on assets). We compare our results to more traditional approaches (such as pooled OLS or the fixed-effects model). Through this study, we shed light on the effect of women on corporate boards on firm performance, as it is still a controversial issue (Post and Byron, 2015).
Keywords: Women, Board of Directors, Econometrics, Control Function, Firm Performance
JEL Classification: G30, G34, J1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation