The Impact of DSM-5's Alternative Model for Personality Disorders on Criminal Defendants

Behavioral Sciences & the Law, Vol. 32, Issue 1 (January/February 2014), pp. 135-148

15 Pages Posted: 5 May 2021

See all articles by Sarah Filone

Sarah Filone

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Heidi Strohmaier

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Megan Murphy

affiliation not provided to SSRN

David DeMatteo

Drexel University Thomas R. Kline School of Law

Date Written: January/February 2014

Abstract

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) workgroup on personality disorders initially proposed several revisions to diagnostic criteria and disorder labels, some of which could have had a direct impact on the perception and sentencing of criminal defendants. The recent publication of the DSM-5 included these revisions in an appendix for future research, indicating that the revised criteria require additional research before implementation. This study examined how the proposed changes, if implemented, might affect jury members' sentencing recommendations and perceptions of the defendant. Participants read vignettes in which diagnostic label (antisocial personality disorder vs. dyssocial personality disorder vs. psychopathy) and crime type (white collar vs. violent crime) were manipulated. Results suggest that participants perceived white collar offenders more negatively than violent offenders, and were generally more influenced by crime type than diagnosis. The diagnostic label was most influential on recidivism ratings and participants' perceptions of violent offenders.

Keywords: Law and Society, Psychiatrists and Psychologists, Sentencing, South Africa, Evidence

Suggested Citation

Filone, Sarah and Strohmaier, Heidi and Murphy, Megan and DeMatteo, David, The Impact of DSM-5's Alternative Model for Personality Disorders on Criminal Defendants (January/February 2014). Behavioral Sciences & the Law, Vol. 32, Issue 1 (January/February 2014), pp. 135-148, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3599119

Sarah Filone

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Heidi Strohmaier

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Megan Murphy

affiliation not provided to SSRN

David DeMatteo (Contact Author)

Drexel University Thomas R. Kline School of Law ( email )

3320 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

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