Land Entitlement and People's Movement in Odisha- A Case Study of Balarampur Village
27 Pages Posted: 22 May 2020
Date Written: October 14, 2019
During the post- independence era the mineral rich State Odisha has focused on its economic development through providing water for irrigation, harnessing mineral resources, establishment of different industries etc. But for the purpose land acquisition is a primary requisite which is resulted in large-scale dispossession of land, homesteads, forests and also alleged that the developmental flow is pooled with denial of livelihood and human rights. Thus protests against the land acquisition started for different projects from different corners of Odisha which underlies with the people’s perception and emotional attachment to those lands. The protests were not only for their land but also for their livelihood and traditional way of living which they fear to be under threat. The major concern of the poor people in land acquisition process is that the land which they enjoyed for generations as a hereditary asset will go permanently out of their hands. In this context Odisha has a long history of people’s movements but movement of inhabitants of Balarampur village under Dhenkanal District is unique and acknowledged as an accomplishment of people’s struggle. Thus current paper throws light on the resistance and repression in Balarampur village against Industrial Project for the unrecorded title of people over the long years of nurture of forest. This enlightens how the land acquisition is to be looked by both Government and project proponent from People’s perspective to bring a support from people than oppose the Growth. In addition, it should also be made to understand how the economic benefit out of the Industrial growth should encourage people to realize the benefit to them will be more than from their traditional livelihood.
Keywords: Displacement, Livelihood, Common Property Resources, People’s Movement, Land Rights
JEL Classification: I30, 020, 022, 038, Z21
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