Do Non-Performing Loans Matter for Bank Lending and the Business Cycle in Euro Area Countries?

38 Pages Posted: 15 May 2020

See all articles by Ivan Huljak

Ivan Huljak

Croatian National Bank

Reiner Martin

Joint Vienna Insitute; European Central Bank (ECB)

Diego Moccero

European Central Bank (ECB)

Cosimo Pancaro

European Central Bank (ECB)

Date Written: May, 2020

Abstract

We contribute to the empirical literature on the impact of non-performing loan (NPL) ratios on aggregate banking sector variables and the macroeconomy by estimating a panel Bayesian VAR model for twelve euro area countries. The model is estimated assuming a hierarchical prior that allows for country-specific coefficients. The VAR includes a large set of variables and is identified via Choleski factorisation. We estimate the impact of exogenous shocks to the change in NPL ratios across countries. The main findings of the paper are as follows: i ) An impulse response analysis shows that an exogenous increase in the change in NPL ratios tends to depress bank lending volumes, widens bank lending spreads and leads to a fall in real GDP growth and residential real estate prices; ii ) A forecast error variance decomposition shows that shocks to the change in NPL ratios explain a relatively large share of the variance of the variables in the VAR, particularly for countries that experienced a large increase in NPL ratios during the recent crises; and iii ) A three-year structural out-of-sample scenario analysis provides quantitative evidence that reducing banks' NPL ratios can produce significant benefits in euro area countries in terms of improved macroeconomic and financial conditions.

Keywords: euro area countries, hierarchical priors, non-performing loans, panel Bayesian VAR

JEL Classification: G21, C32, C11

Suggested Citation

Huljak, Ivan and Martin, Reiner and Moccero, Diego and Pancaro, Cosimo, Do Non-Performing Loans Matter for Bank Lending and the Business Cycle in Euro Area Countries? (May, 2020). ECB Working Paper No. 20202411, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3601770

Ivan Huljak (Contact Author)

Croatian National Bank ( email )

Croatia

Reiner Martin

Joint Vienna Insitute ( email )

Mariahilferstrasse 97
Wien, A-1090
Austria

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Diego Moccero

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Cosimo Pancaro

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

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