Pulling Effects in Migrant Entrepreneurship:Does Gender Matter?

38 Pages Posted: 18 May 2020

See all articles by Alessandra Colombelli

Alessandra Colombelli

Polytechnic University of Turin

Elena Grinza

University Of Milan

Valentina Meliciani

University of Teramo

Mariacristina Rossi

University of Turin - Department of Economics

Date Written: May 5, 2020

Abstract

In this paper, we examine whether the existing stock of migrant firms induces more new firms of the same co-ethnic group in the same sector and province. We do so by analyzing the number of new firms created each year by country of origin, sector, and province, drawing on administrative data of the population of individual entrepreneurs observed over the period 2002-2013. We find support for a strong attractiveness (pulling) effect. We also find that this effect significantly differs by gender: female migrant entrepreneurs show lower reactiveness to the existing stock of firms compared to their male counterparts. We finally show that such gender differences are stronger for migrants coming from more gender-unequal countries. On the contrary, the degree of gender inequality in the region of destination does not matter.

Keywords: Migrant entrepreneurship, pulling effect, gender differences, gender inequality, country of origin, region of destination

JEL Classification: JEL: L26; J15; J16

Suggested Citation

Colombelli, Alessandra and Grinza, Elena and Meliciani, Valentina and Rossi, Mariacristina, Pulling Effects in Migrant Entrepreneurship:Does Gender Matter? (May 5, 2020). SWPS 2020-05, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3601773 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3601773

Alessandra Colombelli (Contact Author)

Polytechnic University of Turin ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24
Torino, Torino 10129
Italy

Elena Grinza

University Of Milan ( email )

Via Conservatorio 7
Milan, 20122
Italy

Valentina Meliciani

University of Teramo ( email )

Campus Coste S. Agostino
Via R. Balzarini 1, Località Colleparco
Teramo, TE 64100
Italy

Mariacristina Rossi

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

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