Pulling Effects in Migrant Entrepreneurship:Does Gender Matter?
38 Pages Posted: 18 May 2020
Date Written: May 5, 2020
In this paper, we examine whether the existing stock of migrant firms induces more new firms of the same co-ethnic group in the same sector and province. We do so by analyzing the number of new firms created each year by country of origin, sector, and province, drawing on administrative data of the population of individual entrepreneurs observed over the period 2002-2013. We find support for a strong attractiveness (pulling) effect. We also find that this effect significantly differs by gender: female migrant entrepreneurs show lower reactiveness to the existing stock of firms compared to their male counterparts. We finally show that such gender differences are stronger for migrants coming from more gender-unequal countries. On the contrary, the degree of gender inequality in the region of destination does not matter.
Keywords: Migrant entrepreneurship, pulling effect, gender differences, gender inequality, country of origin, region of destination
JEL Classification: JEL: L26; J15; J16
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