Immigration and Work Schedules: Theory and Evidence

43 Pages Posted: 19 May 2020

See all articles by Timothy Bond

Timothy Bond

Purdue University - Department of Economics

Osea Giuntella

University of Oxford

Jakub Lonsky

University of Pittsburgh

Abstract

We develop a theoretical framework to analyze the effects of immigration on native job amenities, focusing on work schedules. Immigrants have a comparative advantage in production at, and lower disamenity cost for nighttime work, which leads them to disproportionately choose nighttime employment. Because day and night tasks are imperfect substitutes, the relative price of day tasks increases as their supply becomes relatively more scarce. We provide empirical support for our theory. Native workers in local labor markets that experienced higher rates of immigration are more likely to work day shifts and receive a lower compensating differential for nighttime work.

Keywords: night shifts, working conditions, immigration

JEL Classification: F22, J61, J31, R13

Suggested Citation

Bond, Timothy and Giuntella, Osea and Lonsky, Jakub, Immigration and Work Schedules: Theory and Evidence. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13236, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3602412

Timothy Bond (Contact Author)

Purdue University - Department of Economics ( email )

West Lafayette, IN 47907-1310
United States

Osea Giuntella

University of Oxford ( email )

No Address Available

Jakub Lonsky

University of Pittsburgh

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