The Winners and Losers of Immigration: Evidence from Linked Historical Data

53 Pages Posted: 18 May 2020

See all articles by Joseph Price

Joseph Price

Brigham Young University

Christian vom Lehn

Brigham Young University

Riley Wilson

Brigham Young University

Date Written: May 2020

Abstract

Using recent innovations in linking historical U.S. Census data, we study the economic impacts of immigration on natives, including their geographic migration response. We find that the arrival of foreign immigrants significantly increases both native out-migration and in-migration. Accounting for this selective geographic migration, we find smaller economic impacts of immigration for native workers than previous work, including no positive impact on worker incomes. We present evidence of significant “losers” from increased immigration, namely workers who appear to be displaced by immigrant labor and move out of their local labor market, whereas the workers who remain see significant benefits. We also find that younger and lowerskilled workers are “losers” from increased immigration, whereas older and higher-skilled workers are “winners.”

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Suggested Citation

Price, Joseph and vom Lehn, Christian and Wilson, Riley, The Winners and Losers of Immigration: Evidence from Linked Historical Data (May 2020). NBER Working Paper No. w27156, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3603786

Joseph Price (Contact Author)

Brigham Young University ( email )

130 FOB
Provo, UT 84604
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://economics.byu.edu/directory/joseph-p-price

Christian Vom Lehn

Brigham Young University ( email )

Provo, UT 84602
United States

Riley Wilson

Brigham Young University ( email )

Provo, UT 84602
United States

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