Does Board Gender Diversity Affect Corporate Cash Holdings?

27 Pages Posted: 27 May 2020

See all articles by Muhammad Atif

Muhammad Atif

Macquarie University - Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance

Benjamin Liu

Griffith University - Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics

Allen Huang

Griffith University - Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics

Date Written: July/August 2019

Abstract

This paper examines whether board gender diversity affects corporate cash holdings using S&P 1500 index firms in the US for the period 2006–2015. We document a significantly negative relationship between board gender diversity and cash holdings. We also find a strong negative effect of female independent directors consistent with monitoring function. Moreover, in accordance with the critical mass theory, we find a negative effect of female directors’ presence and voice on cash holdings. Our findings are robust to alternative econometric specifications, alternative measures of cash holdings and corporate governance, difference‐in‐differences, propensity score matching, and two‐stage least squares. This study offers useful insights into the current global debate on gender diversity and its implications for firms.

Keywords: cash holdings, corporate governance, gender diversity

JEL Classification: G30, G34, J16

Suggested Citation

Atif, Muhammad and Liu, Benjamin and Huang, Allen R., Does Board Gender Diversity Affect Corporate Cash Holdings? (July/August 2019). Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Vol. 46, Issue 7-8, pp. 1003-1029, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3604485 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jbfa.12397

Muhammad Atif (Contact Author)

Macquarie University - Department of Accounting and Corporate Governance ( email )

Sydney, NSW 2109
Australia

Benjamin Liu

Griffith University - Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics ( email )

PMB 50
Gold Coast Queensland 9726
Australia

Allen R. Huang

Griffith University - Department of Accounting, Finance and Economics ( email )

PMB 50
Gold Coast Queensland 9726
Australia

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