Addiction Severity Index Scores and Urine Drug Screens at Baseline as Predictors of Graduation From Drug Court

Crime & Delinquency Vol 61, Issue 9, 2015 Vol. 61 Iss. 9 (2015) p. 1257 - 1277

21 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2020 Last revised: 26 Jun 2020

See all articles by Sanjay Shah

Sanjay Shah

affiliation not provided to SSRN

David DeMatteo

Drexel University Thomas R. Kline School of Law

Michael E. Keesler

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jennie Davis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Kirk Heilbrun

Drexel University

David S. Festinger

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2015

Abstract

Graduation rates from drug courts are impressive and are often attributed to the delivered treatments. However, it is unclear whether graduation rates are bolstered by low severity of drug use problems upon entry into drug court. To address this question, this study examined the relationship between baseline substance use severity and graduation rates among 251 drug court clients. Results revealed that participants with subthreshold drug composite scores on the Addiction Severity Index (ASI) were significantly more likely to graduate than those scoring in the mild-to-moderate or severe range. Furthermore, results revealed that participants who provided a drug-negative baseline urine were significantly more likely to graduate than those who provided a drug-positive baseline urine. A binary logistic regression analysis revealed that ASI drug composite score, urine screen, race, and years educated were statistically significant predictors of drug court graduation.

Keywords: Drug court, Addiction Severity Index, Urine drug screen, Substance use, Criminal justice

Suggested Citation

Shah, Sanjay and DeMatteo, David and Keesler, Michael E. and Davis, Jennie and Heilbrun, Kirk and Festinger, David S., Addiction Severity Index Scores and Urine Drug Screens at Baseline as Predictors of Graduation From Drug Court (2015). Crime & Delinquency Vol 61, Issue 9, 2015 Vol. 61 Iss. 9 (2015) p. 1257 - 1277 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3604506

Sanjay Shah

affiliation not provided to SSRN

David DeMatteo (Contact Author)

Drexel University Thomas R. Kline School of Law ( email )

3320 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

Michael E. Keesler

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Jennie Davis

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Kirk Heilbrun

Drexel University ( email )

3141 Chestnut St
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

David S. Festinger

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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