Economics Design and Engineering for Robust DLT Ecosystems

20 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2020 Last revised: 22 Feb 2022

See all articles by Lisa Tan

Lisa Tan

Economics Design Limited

Date Written: May 19, 2020


Matching economic theories, the paper discusses the underlying funda- mentals of token economics that exist within a token ecosystem. 3 design fundamentals that affect the soundness of token economics: 1) Market Design, 2) Mechanism Design and, 3) Token Design. Token ecosystems facilitate an exchange of goods and services between participants in the ecosystem. Concepts from matching theory, auction theory, monetary economics, allocation theory, network economics and game theory, can help better design strong incentives for participants, produce robust sta- ble outcomes, reduce inefficient allocation and improve the efficiency of transaction within the ecosystem. This challenges existing systems that will open powerful potential for long-term sustainability of token ecosys- tems and overcoming existing challenges.

Keywords: token economics, token engineering, ecosystem architecture, systems design, market design, mechanism design, token design, decentralised governance, blockchain economics, network economics, allocation theory

JEL Classification: O31, O33, O39, Y20

Suggested Citation

Tan, Lisa, Economics Design and Engineering for Robust DLT Ecosystems (May 19, 2020). Available at SSRN:

Lisa Tan (Contact Author)

Economics Design Limited ( email )


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