Identifying the 'Right' Level of Explanation in a Given Situation

5 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2020

See all articles by Winston Maxwell

Winston Maxwell

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris

Valérie Beaudouin

Telecom Paris

Isabelle Bloch

Telecom Paris

David Bounie

Télécom Paris

Stéphan Clémençon

Télécom Paris

Florence d'Alché-Buc

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris

James Eagan

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris

Pavlo Mozharovskyi

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris

Jayneel Parekh

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris

Date Written: May 13, 2020

Abstract

We present a framework for defining the “right” level of explainability based on technical, legal and economic considerations. Our approach involves three logical steps: First, define the main con- textual factors, such as who is the audience of the explanation, the operational context, the level of harm that the system could cause, and the legal/regulatory framework. This step will help characterize the operational and legal needs for explanation, and the corresponding social benefits. Second, examine the technical tools available, including post-hoc approaches (input perturbation, saliency maps...) and hybrid AI approaches. Third, as function of the first two steps, choose the right levels of global and local explanation outputs, taking into the account the costs involved. We identify seven kinds of costs and emphasize that explanations are socially useful only when total social benefits exceed costs.

Keywords: AI, artificial intelligence, interpretability, explainability, context, hybrid AI, cost-benefit

JEL Classification: K2, K23,

Suggested Citation

Maxwell, Winston and Beaudouin, Valérie and Bloch, Isabelle and Bounie, David and Clémençon, Stéphan and d'Alché-Buc, Florence and Eagan, James and Mozharovskyi, Pavlo and Parekh, Jayneel, Identifying the 'Right' Level of Explanation in a Given Situation (May 13, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3604924 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3604924

Winston Maxwell (Contact Author)

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris ( email )

19 place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

HOME PAGE: http://telecom-paris.fr

Valérie Beaudouin

Telecom Paris ( email )

19 Place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

Isabelle Bloch

Telecom Paris ( email )

19 Place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

David Bounie

Télécom Paris ( email )

19 Place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

Stéphan Clémençon

Télécom Paris

19 Place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

Florence D'Alché-Buc

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris ( email )

19 Place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

James Eagan

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris ( email )

19 Place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

Pavlo Mozharovskyi

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris ( email )

19 Place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

Jayneel Parekh

Telecom Paris - Institut polytechnique de Paris ( email )

19 Place Marguerite Perey
Palaiseau, 91120
France

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