Two Paths Leading to the Same End? A Discussion of Development and Regulation of Online Mediation Under the COVID-19 in the People’S Republic of China and the United States

World Arbitration and Mediation Review (October 2020 Forthcoming)

14 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2020

See all articles by Carrie Shu Shang

Carrie Shu Shang

California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Wenli Guo

Beiming Software Co. Ltd.

Charles Ho Wang Mak

University of Glasgow

Date Written: May 19, 2020

Abstract

The recent COVID-19 crisis has set the stage for a significant increase in the use of online dispute resolution. Under worldwide country lockdown and/or social distancing orders, behaviors of people have adjusted drastically. Further, the increased use of online mediation to resolve disputes has raised the legal community’s interest across jurisdictions. The purpose of this paper is to examine two different development paths of online mediation post-COVID-19 taken in the People’s Republic of China and the United States, the world’s two largest economies. The first part of the paper provides a background on the development of online mediation in China by examining a few newest judicial and administrative directives mandating state-wide experiment of online dispute resolution mechanisms. Moving on the discussion of the development of online mediation in China, it then focuses on the professional and self-initiated efforts of the dispute resolution community in the United States leading to the further surge in supply and demand of online mediation services. Building on the comparative analysis, the paper unpacks different roles of both public and private stakeholders play towards promoting the wider acceptance of online mediation initiatives in the world, speaking against any pre-fixed preference in dispute resolution for state-led or community-based approaches.

Suggested Citation

Shang, Shu and Guo, Wenli and Mak, Charles Ho Wang, Two Paths Leading to the Same End? A Discussion of Development and Regulation of Online Mediation Under the COVID-19 in the People’S Republic of China and the United States (May 19, 2020). World Arbitration and Mediation Review (October 2020 Forthcoming), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3605801 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3605801

Shu Shang (Contact Author)

California State Polytechnic University, Pomona ( email )

3801 W. Temple Avenue
Pomona, CA 91768
United States

Wenli Guo

Beiming Software Co. Ltd.

Jiangcun Business Center B1 6th Floor
West Lake District
Hangzhou
China

Charles Ho Wang Mak

University of Glasgow ( email )

Stair Building
5 - 8 The Square
Glasgow, Scotland G12 8QQ
United Kingdom

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