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The Stock Market as a Source of Capital: Some Lessons from Initial Public Offerings in Italy

Posted: 23 Feb 2003  

Marco Pagano

University of Naples Federico II - Department of Economics and Statistics; Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF); Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Fabio Panetta

Bank of Italy

Luigi Zingales

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Abstract

This paper complements the analysis of the decision to go public contained in Pagano et al. (1995). We compare a larger set of Italian initial public offerings, including holding companies, with size-matched private companies. Even in this larger sample we find evidence that: (i) the new equity capital raised upon listing is not used to finance subsequent investment and growth; (ii) going public reduces the cost of credit; (iii) it is often associated with equity sales by controlling shareholders, and is followed by a higher turnover of control than for other companies. A novel finding is that the funds raised are used to purchase stakes in other companies and other financial assets.

Keywords: Initial public offering, Going public, Stock market

Suggested Citation

Pagano, Marco and Panetta, Fabio and Zingales, Luigi, The Stock Market as a Source of Capital: Some Lessons from Initial Public Offerings in Italy. European Economic Review, Vol. 40, Issues 3-5, pp. 1057-1069, April 1996. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=360581

Marco Pagano (Contact Author)

University of Naples Federico II - Department of Economics and Statistics ( email )

Via Cintia - Monte S. Angelo
Napoli, 80126
Italy
+39 081 675306 (Phone)
+39 081 7663540 (Fax)

Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF) ( email )

Via Cintia
Complesso Monte S. Angelo
Naples, Naples 80126
Italy

Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF)

Via Sallustiana, 62
Rome, 00187
Italy

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

c/o ECARES ULB CP 114
B-1050 Brussels
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http:/www.ecgi.org

Fabio Panetta

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
00184 Roma
Italy
+39 06 4792 4143 (Phone)
+39 06 4792 3723 (Fax)

Luigi Zingales

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )

5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-702-3196 (Phone)
773-834-2081 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

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