Social Inequalities and Vulnerability of Population Facing the COVID-19: The Case of Seine-Saint-Denis in Ile-De-France.

22 Pages Posted: 20 May 2020 Last revised: 9 Jun 2020

See all articles by Stephane Goutte

Stephane Goutte

University Paris-Saclay, UVSQ, CEMOTEV, UVSQ.

Thomas Porcher

PSB Paris School of Business - Department of Applied Economics

Thomas Péran

ROLACC Geneva; Université de Paris - Centre Maurice Hauriou

Date Written: May 20, 2020

Abstract

The vast majority of research focuses on the individual factors leading to coronavirus mortality. Numerous studies have shown that the age of the population is the dominant factor explaining mortality. Other more recent work has added gender, comorbidity, ethnicity and obesity. Based on the most populous and dense region of France — Ile-d-de-France, grouping 8 heterogeneous departments in terms of wealth — our study seeks to identify whether economic and financial or structural factors related to housing can explain a faster circulation of the virus during social distancing like lockdown, and therefore lead to excess mortality. We show that agglomerations with higher precariousness indicators (unemployment benefit income, poverty rate, social minima in income, little or no graduate in the workforce) and less suitable housing (potentially unworthy housing, household size, overcrowded housing) are more at risk, including if their population is younger. Our study therefore provides political leaders with a number of indications allowing them to take effective measures in the event of a second wave of COVID-19 or forthcoming coronavirus pandemics.

Keywords: Pandemic, COVID-19, Social distancing, Health system, Territorial vulnerabilities, Poverty, Housing

JEL Classification: I14, I18, J14, H12, R11

Suggested Citation

Goutte, Stephane and Porcher, Thomas and Péran, Thomas, Social Inequalities and Vulnerability of Population Facing the COVID-19: The Case of Seine-Saint-Denis in Ile-De-France. (May 20, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3605881 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3605881

Stephane Goutte (Contact Author)

University Paris-Saclay, UVSQ, CEMOTEV, UVSQ. ( email )

47 Boulevard Vauban
Guyancourt, 78280
France

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/mathgoutte/

Thomas Porcher

PSB Paris School of Business - Department of Applied Economics

59 rue Nationale 75013
France

Thomas Péran

ROLACC Geneva

Route de Ferney 211
Le Grand-Saconnex, Geneva CH-1218
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.rolacc.ch/

Université de Paris - Centre Maurice Hauriou

Paris
France

HOME PAGE: http://https://u-paris.fr/

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