A Comparative Study of Export Processing Zones in the Wake of Sustainable Development Goals: Cases of Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe

Research Africa Network, WP/20/025, 2020

34 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2020

See all articles by Richard Adu-Gyamfi

Richard Adu-Gyamfi

International Trade Centre (ITC)

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Tinaye Mmusi

Gaborone University

Herbert Wamalwa

University of Nairobi

Madei Mangori

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: May 21, 2020

Abstract

The objective of this research is to assess the extent to which export processing zones in Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe integrate the Sustainable Development Goals in their implementation and operations. We focused on four Sustainable Development Goals—gender equality, decent work, industry, and climate action. We interviewed four zone authorities, one in each country. A total of 12 firms in the agro-processing, textiles and garments, construction, and real estate sectors were also interviewed. All four zone authorities demonstrate a measure of environmental inclusiveness in their zone programmes. We found that firms in Kenya and Zimbabwe have a higher number of male than female employees, while zones in Tanzania employ more women. We propose that to promote sustainable development in these zones, policy action should concentrate on attracting firms that (are willing and able to) align with the particular Sustainable Development Goal that zone programmes are intended to achieve.

Keywords: export processing zones, sustainable development, Botswana, Kenya, Southern Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

JEL Classification: O25, O55, O57, Q01

Suggested Citation

Adu-Gyamfi, Richard and Asongu, Simplice and Mmusi, Tinaye and Wamalwa, Herbert and Mangori, Madei, A Comparative Study of Export Processing Zones in the Wake of Sustainable Development Goals: Cases of Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania and Zimbabwe (May 21, 2020). Research Africa Network, WP/20/025, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3606931 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3606931

Richard Adu-Gyamfi

International Trade Centre (ITC) ( email )

54-56 Rue de Montbrillant
Geneva
Switzerland

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Tinaye Mmusi

Gaborone University ( email )

Botswana

Herbert Wamalwa

University of Nairobi ( email )

4139-40200
Nairobi, 40200
Kenya

Madei Mangori

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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