The Management (or Lack Thereof) of COVID-19 in Brazil: Implications for Human Rights and Public Health
21 Pages Posted: 26 May 2020 Last revised: 23 Sep 2020
Date Written: May 24, 2020
The objective of this article is to explore how the COVID-19 pandemic has been managed in Brazil, especially at the Federal Administrative level, with the focus being on the implications for human rights and public health in the country. The research is built on a qualitative design made up of case-study and review of literature and is based on inductive reasoning. Main conclusions were that: (i) especially since 2016, the Brazilian Unified Health System has been subjected to a privatizing logic guided by market rules and exploitation of health as a source of profits, a serious threat for the realization of the right to health in the country; (ii) by not making sufficient efforts to safeguard the lives of Brazilians or to strengthen public health institutions amid the pandemic, Bolsonaro’s Administration may be violating the rights to life and health, among others, by omission; (iii) ultimately, it was demonstrated that the President has worked unceasingly to bulldoze anti-COVID-19 efforts, which can be better explained through the concepts of necropolitics and neoliberal authoritarianism. Overall, this research can help expand the literature on human rights in health management during and after emergency times.
Keywords: COVID-19, Pandemic, Brazil, Human rights, Public health
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