Typology and Characterization of the Pampean Beekeeping Systems
ESIC Market Economics and Business Journal Vol. 51, Issue 2, May-August 2020, 299-318
20 Pages Posted: 18 Jun 2020
Date Written: May 13, 2020
Objective: Identify and characterize the beekeeping systems of La Pampa (Argentina) using multivariate techniques based on the main structural, productive and economic characteristics.
Methodology: The data was collected through a random survey of 80 beekeepers. The classification and description of the apicultural systems was based on a multivariate sequence comprising three stages: review and selection of variables, factor analysis and cluster analysis.
Results: Factor analysis revealed that the size of the farm and the productive and economic performance of beekeeping jointly explained 66% of the variability. Through cluster anal¬ysis, three types of beekeeping have been identified: (i) Subsistence beekeeping grouped 55% of the farms, mainly characterized by small sizes and low productive and economic yields. (ii) Industrial beekeeping concentrated 54% of production in 15% of farms, mainly characterized by large sizes and high productive and economic yields. (iii) Commercial beekeeping grouped 30% of the farms, mainly characterized by high productivity with intermediate sizes.
Limitations: The study has been carried out on a few farms due to the difficulty of obtain¬ing answers to all the variables included in the survey.
Practical implications: Beekeeping in La Pampa is generally a highly heterogeneous com¬plement of income or family subsistence, with low productivity and low input use. Sub¬sistence beekeeping is a socially relevant system for its contribution to family employment and income in rural areas. Industrial beekeeping is oriented to the export market and has a more competitive scale. Commercial beekeeping is situated on an intermediate scale.
Keywords: Multivariate analysis; beekeeping; Argentina; honey; production systems
JEL Classification: O13, Q12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation