Impacts of COVID-19 on the Transport Sector and Measures as Well as Recommendations of Policies and Future Research: Analyses Based on a World-Wide Expert Survey
36 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2020
Date Written: May 27, 2020
Impacts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the transport sector and the corresponding policy measures have been investigated by more and more researchers and organizations. Considering the various uncertainties and unknowns about this virus and its impacts (especially long-term impacts), it is necessary and important to hear the opinions and suggestions from experts in the transport and related sectors. However, to date, there is no study from the perspective of experts in the field of transport and related disciplines. This study attempts to address this gap through a questionnaire survey of experts in the field of transportation and other relevant fields. The survey was conducted worldwide between the end of April and late May 2020, taking into account the need for balance between geographic regions, type of workplace and working duration, and so on. In particular, experts were requested to provide their opinions and suggestions as well as concerns via free answers. Based on extensive analyses of the survey results, this study first reveals the realities of lockdowns, restrictions of out-of-home activities and other physical distancing requirements, as well as modal shifts. Experts’ agreements and disagreements to the structural questions about changes in lifestyles and society are then discussed. Furthermore, a qualitative analysis of the free answers from experts was conducted. Finally, findings are summarized and important research issues are extensively discussed.
Keywords: COVID-19, Public health pandemics, Expert survey, Transport Sector, Impacts, Measures, Policy recommendation, PASS approach
JEL Classification: D01, D02, D03, D04, D60, D70, D80, G00, H00, I18, O00, R00, R40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation