Value‐At‐Risk Bounds with Two‐Sided Dependence Information

34 Pages Posted: 28 May 2020

See all articles by Thibaut Lux

Thibaut Lux

Vrije Universiteit Brussels

Ludger Rüschendorf

University of Freiburg

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 2019


Value‐at‐Risk (VaR) bounds for aggregated risks have been derived in the literature in settings where, besides the marginal distributions of the individual risk factors, one‐sided bounds for the joint distribution or the copula of the risks are available. In applications, it turns out that these improved standard bounds on VaR tend to be too wide to be relevant for practical applications, especially when the number of risk factors is large or when the dependence restriction is not strong enough. In this paper, we develop a method to compute VaR bounds when besides the marginal distributions of the risk factors, two‐sided dependence information in form of an upper and a lower bound on the copula of the risk factors is available. The method is based on a relaxation of the exact dual bounds that we derive by means of the Monge–Kantorovich transportation duality. In several applications, we illustrate that two‐sided dependence information typically leads to strongly improved bounds on the VaR of aggregations.

Keywords: copulas, duality, Fréchet–Hoeffding bounds, model uncertainty, optimal transport, Value‐at‐Risk, 91B30 (primary), 62E17, 60E15

JEL Classification: C02, C63, D80, G31

Suggested Citation

Lux, Thibaut and Rüschendorf, Ludger, Value‐At‐Risk Bounds with Two‐Sided Dependence Information (July 2019). Mathematical Finance, Vol. 29, Issue 3, pp. 967-1000, 2019, Available at SSRN: or

Thibaut Lux (Contact Author)

Vrije Universiteit Brussels ( email )

Pleinlaan 2
Brussels, 1050

Ludger Rüschendorf

University of Freiburg ( email )

Freiburg, D-79085

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics