Education, Social Cohesion and Economic Growth

Posted: 13 Dec 2002

See all articles by Mark Gradstein

Mark Gradstein

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Department of Economics; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Moshe Justman

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Department of Economics; University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research

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Abstract

Analysis of the contribution of education to growth through its role in promoting a common culture indicates that when different cultural groups separately determine the social content of their school curricula excessive polarization can result, with less than optimal growth. The optimal trajectory involves a gradual, reciprocal convergence of school curricula towards the middle ground. However, this may be difficult to implement in a political context in which all agents are identified with one group or another. When curricula are determined by legislative bargaining, centralization of schooling may result in overly rapid homogenization in some cases, and - perhaps surprisingly - excessive polarization in others.

Keywords: Economic growth, education, social cohesion

JEL Classification: D70, I21, O40

Suggested Citation

Gradstein, Mark and Justman, Moshe, Education, Social Cohesion and Economic Growth. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=361323

Mark Gradstein (Contact Author)

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Department of Economics ( email )

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Moshe Justman

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Department of Economics ( email )

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Israel
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University of Melbourne - Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research ( email )

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