Artificial Intelligence as a Means of Combatting Crime: A Leap Forward in Digital Forensic Science

Shestak, V.A. & Goncharova, V.A. (2020). Artificial intelligence as a means of combatting crime: a leap forward in digital forensic science. Actual issues of the fight against crime: Materials Prepared For The Second Correspondence International Scientific-Practical Conference (15 May 2020). Moscow:

5 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2020

See all articles by Viktor Shestak

Viktor Shestak

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO)

Victoria Goncharova

MGIMO University

Date Written: May 15, 2020

Abstract

One of the relevant issues with regard to artificial intelligence (AI), in addition to the possibility of its recognition as a subject of law, is the usage of machines with AI in crime fighting. As the experience of foreign countries indicates, this seems quite real. This article provides examples of AI systems that allow to simplify the activity of competent authorities in uncovering and preventing crimes in such countries as Russia, USA and Great Britain. Such systems as COMPAS, Predpol, iVe and others are considered, as well as software allowing to work more effectively with statistical data and to prevent crimes in different areas based on it. The author comes to the conclusion that at this stage of digital forensics development, the result of inventions made by various companies is not very noticeable and the algorithms of many systems require improvement and refinement. There are many demonstration variants of AI systems, the reliability and efficiency of which has yet to be determined. However, given the progress of science, including the development of artificial intelligence, in the near future society will have the opportunity to allow technology to help competent authorities and individuals fight against crime.

Keywords: Digital forensics; digital forensics; artificial intelligence; criminal law of Russia; criminal law of foreign countries

JEL Classification: K14

Suggested Citation

Shestak, Viktor and Goncharova, Victoria, Artificial Intelligence as a Means of Combatting Crime: A Leap Forward in Digital Forensic Science (May 15, 2020). Shestak, V.A. & Goncharova, V.A. (2020). Artificial intelligence as a means of combatting crime: a leap forward in digital forensic science. Actual issues of the fight against crime: Materials Prepared For The Second Correspondence International Scientific-Practical Conference (15 May 2020). Moscow:, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3613796

Viktor Shestak (Contact Author)

Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) ( email )

Prospekt Vernadskogo, 76
Moscow, 119454
Russia

Victoria Goncharova

MGIMO University ( email )

Moscow
Russia

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