Who Secures Job Opportunities in the Chinese Government? Evidence Based on the First Jobs of Graduates from a Chinese College

17 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2020

See all articles by Jie Gao

Jie Gao

Independent

Dongmin Kong

School of Finance, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law; Department of Finance, Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Gaowen Kong

Jinan University

Date Written: August 2019

Abstract

Using a unique data set obtained from a Chinese college, the present paper investigates the determinants of obtaining a job in the Chinese Government. Despite the significant amount of attention paid to this issue by the media, academic study on this subject has been limited. We find that the parents' social capital, membership to the Communist Party, gender and personal ability significantly affect the possibility of a graduate obtaining a job in the public sector. Moreover, although acquiring a job in the government is difficult, no significant wage premium exists for graduates working in this sector. Finally, these results still hold after conducting the Heckman tests to validate the self‐selection bias. This study identifies the determinants of young Chinese people's aspirations to be civil servants, which raises significant policy implications for the government.

Suggested Citation

Gao, Jie and Kong, Dongmin and Kong, Gaowen, Who Secures Job Opportunities in the Chinese Government? Evidence Based on the First Jobs of Graduates from a Chinese College (August 2019). Pacific Economic Review, Vol. 24, Issue 3, pp. 447-463, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3616212 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-0106.12216

Jie Gao

Independent

Dongmin Kong (Contact Author)

School of Finance, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law ( email )

Wuhan, Hubei 430073
China

Department of Finance, Huazhong University of Science and Technology ( email )

Wuhan, Hubei 430074
China

Gaowen Kong

Jinan University ( email )

Huang Pu Da Dao Xi 601, Tian He District
Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632
China

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