Long-Term Care Facilities As a Risk Factor for Death Due to COVID-19: Evidence from European Countries and U.S. States

11 Pages Posted: 8 Jun 2020 Last revised: 8 Jul 2020

See all articles by Neil Gandal

Neil Gandal

Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Matan Yonas

Tel Aviv University, Eitan Berglas School of Economics, Students

Michal Feldman

Tel Aviv University - School of Computer Sciences

Ady Pauzner

Tel Aviv University, Eitan Berglas School of Economics, Students

Avraham D. Tabbach

Tel Aviv University

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 2, 2020

Abstract

A large percentage of the deaths from COVID-19 occur among residents of long-term care facilities. There are two possible reasons for this phenomenon. First, the structural features of such settings may lead to death. Alternatively, it is possible that individuals in these facilities are in poorer health than those living elsewhere, and that these individuals would have died even if they had not been in these facilities.

Our findings show that, controlling for the population density and the percentage of older adults in the population, there is a significant positive association between the number of long-term care beds per capita and COVID-19 mortality rates.

This finding provides support for the claim that long-term care living arrangements (of older people) are a significant risk factor for dying from COVID-19.

Note: Funding: This work was partially supported by Len Blavatnik and the Blavatnik Family foundation.

Declaration of Interest: We (the authors) declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval: This is not relevant. We use publicly available data at the level of a country or a region.

Keywords: Death Due to COVID-19, Long-Term Care Facilities

JEL Classification: I1, D2

Suggested Citation

Gandal, Neil and Yonas, Matan and Feldman, Michal and Pauzner, Ady and Tabbach, Avraham D., Long-Term Care Facilities As a Risk Factor for Death Due to COVID-19: Evidence from European Countries and U.S. States (July 2, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3616760 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3616760

Neil Gandal (Contact Author)

Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University ( email )

Tel Aviv University
Tel Aviv 69978
Israel
+972 3 640 9907 (Phone)
+972 3 640 9908 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.neilgandal.com/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Matan Yonas

Tel Aviv University, Eitan Berglas School of Economics, Students ( email )

Tel Aviv
Israel

Michal Feldman

Tel Aviv University - School of Computer Sciences ( email )

Tel Aviv, Raanana 43556
Israel

Ady Pauzner

Tel Aviv University, Eitan Berglas School of Economics, Students ( email )

Tel Aviv
Israel

Avraham D. Tabbach

Tel Aviv University ( email )

Ramat Aviv
Tel Aviv 69978, IL
Israel

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