Income Inequality and Technological Progress: The Effect of R&D Incentives, Integration and Spillovers

30 Pages Posted: 24 Jun 2020

Date Written: June 2, 2020

Abstract

Recent years witnessed an increase in income inequality. Several explanations have been put forward. In the present paper, we consider a series of technologically related events that have been crucial for the increase income inequality, i.e., public R&D incentives, increasing horizontal integration and spillover effects. We found that public R&D incentives and the increasing horizontal integration have biased the income distribution towards the top income group. In particular, the high-skilled workers involved in the R&D process have benefited enormously from this process. Similarly, capital owners have seen an increase in their profits, because of the reduction in product market competition and technological improvements in the production process. We found the effect of knowledge spillovers to be less clear-cut. We conclude discussing the implications of our results and suggesting possible solutions to the increasing income inequality. We call for the creation of supranational institutions, and for stricter legislation on competition and antitrust policy.

Keywords: Income inequality; Horizontal integration; R&D incentives; Spillovers; Technological progress

JEL Classification: D31, D63, L41, O32

Suggested Citation

Osório Costa, António Miguel and Pinto, Alberto, Income Inequality and Technological Progress: The Effect of R&D Incentives, Integration and Spillovers (June 2, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3616992 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3616992

António Miguel Osório Costa (Contact Author)

Universitat Rovira i Virgili ( email )

Av. de la Universitat 1
Reus, Tarragona 43204
Spain
(+34)977759891 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://gandalf.fcee.urv.es/departaments/economia/professors/aosorio/

Alberto Pinto

Universidade do Porto

Rua Dr. Roberto Frias
4200-464 Porto
Portugal

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