Christian Missions and Anti-Gay Attitudes in Africa
58 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2020 Last revised: 28 May 2021
Date Written: January 27, 2021
We argue that organized religion serves as a powerful mechanism of change and subsequent persistence of cultural norms. We use a geo-coded representative survey of African countries and the location of historical Christian missions to estimate a significant and economically meaningful association between proximity to historical missions and anti-gay sentiments today. Using anthropological data on pre-colonial acceptance of homosexual practices among indigenous groups, we show that the establishment of missions, while nonrandom, was exogenous to pre-existing levels of intolerance among local populations. Thus, we argue that our results
are indicative of a causal effect of missionary religious conversion. Our study demonstrates that organized religion can facilitate change in norms and values.
Keywords: Missions, Africa, Tolerance, Homosexuals, Religion
JEL Classification: J15, N37, Z1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation