WTO Adjudication@me.too: Are Global Public Goods Like the World Trade Organization Owned by Governments or By Peoples and Citizens?
31 Pages Posted: 3 Jun 2020
Date Written: 2020
As the most frequent and most successful user of the dispute settlement system of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the USA has welcomed judicial clarifications by WTO dispute settlement bodies whenever they confirmed legal claims of the US. Yet, the US Trump administration increasingly rejects judicial findings against US trade restrictions as violating the WTO prohibitions of ‘add(ing) to or diminish(ing) the rights and obligations provided in the covered agreements’. This contribution criticizes the illegal US ‘blocking’ of the WTO Appellate Body and the underlying, hegemonic nationalism and protectionist interest group politics. It suggests that reasonable and responsible citizens benefitting from the WTO trading, legal and dispute settlement systems must resist illegal power politics, for instance by supporting a WTO Adjudication@me.too ‘enlightenment campaign’ pressuring democratic institutions and governments to protect rule of law and judicial remedies in international trade as prescribed by parliaments when they approved the WTO Agreement.
Keywords: Appellate Body, Constitutionalism, Human Rights, Judicial Remedies, Public Goods, Public Reason, WTO
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