Who Justifies Attacks on Civilians? Analysis of Attitudes Toward Terrorism Based on Value Surveys

24 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2020

See all articles by Youssouf Kiendrebeogo

Youssouf Kiendrebeogo

World Bank - Middle East & North Africa Region

Elena Ianchovichina

World Bank

Date Written: November 2019

Abstract

What are the common characteristics among individuals who justify attacks on civilians? Using nationally representative Gallup World Poll surveys of 30,787 individuals from 27 developing countries in different parts of the world, this paper identifies the partial correlates of extremism. The results suggest that the typical extremist who supports attacks on civilians is more likely to be young, unemployed, and struggling to make ends meet, relatively uneducated, and not as religious as others, but more willing to sacrifice own life for his or her beliefs. Gender and marital status are not found to explain the individual‐level variation in attitudes toward extremism. These results are robust to various sensitivity analyses, although some of them vary in magnitude and significance across countries and geographic regions.

Keywords: attitudes, extremism, terrorism, economic welfare, models for ordered outcomes

Suggested Citation

Kiendrebeogo, Youssouf and Ianchovichina, Elena, Who Justifies Attacks on Civilians? Analysis of Attitudes Toward Terrorism Based on Value Surveys (November 2019). Review of Development Economics, Vol. 23, Issue 4, pp. 1580-1603, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3618491 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rode.12614

Youssouf Kiendrebeogo (Contact Author)

World Bank - Middle East & North Africa Region ( email )

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Elena Ianchovichina

World Bank ( email )

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