Exports and Left‐Behind Children: Empirical Evidence from the China Migrants Dynamic Survey

27 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2020

See all articles by zexing chen

zexing chen

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Bing Li

Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE)

Tao Li

Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE) - School of Economics

Date Written: September 2019

Abstract

The opportunity for jobs and high wages induced by exports have attracted rural laborers in China to work in the cities temporarily, and some parents must leave behind their children in rural areas, called left‐behind children (LBC). Notably, the cause of LBC has not been investigated carefully. In this study, we combine the 2010 to 2015 Chinese trade data with the data from the 2010 to 2015 China Migrants Dynamic Survey(CMDS) to identify LBC based on the young children of migrants not living with their parents in the cities, and empirically test the effects of exports on LBC. The results show that under the same income level and other circumstances, the increase in export dependency significantly increases the probability of the migrants’ young children becoming LBC. We construct an instrumental variable to manage the potential endogeneity problems and conduct many other robustness checks, and all the results are consistent. We also examine the heterogeneous effects of exports on LBC and observe that migrants with low income, low education, rural hukou (area of origin) status, and in manufacturing sectors are more vulnerable to exports.Key Words: Exports; Internal Migration; Left‐behind children

Keywords: Exports, Internal Migration, Left‐behind children

Suggested Citation

chen, zexing and Li, Bing and Li, Tao, Exports and Left‐Behind Children: Empirical Evidence from the China Migrants Dynamic Survey (September 2019). Review of International Economics, Vol. 27, Issue 4, pp. 1081-1107, 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3618544 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/roie.12416

Zexing Chen (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Bing Li

Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE)

39 South College Road
Haidian District
Beijing, Beijing 100081
China

Tao Li

Central University of Finance and Economics (CUFE) - School of Economics ( email )

Beijing
China

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