Demand for Safe Spaces: Avoiding Harassment and Stigma
78 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2020
Date Written: June 3, 2020
What are the costs to women of harassment on public transit? This study randomizes the price of a women-reserved "safe space" in Rio de Janeiro and crowdsource information on 22,000 rides. Women in the public space experience harassment once a week. A fifth of riders are willing to forgo 20 percent of the fare to ride in the "safe space" . Randomly assigning riders to the "safe space" reduces physical harassment by 50 percent, implying a cost of $1.45 per incident. Implicit Association Tests show that women face a stigma for riding in the public space that may outweigh the benefits of the safe space.
Keywords: Transport in Urban Areas, Urban Transport, Gender and Development, Crime and Society, Transport Services, Labor Markets
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