Student’s Success Prediction Model Based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and a Combination of Feature Selection Methods

Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 54(3), June 2019

19 Pages Posted: 29 Jun 2020

See all articles by Alaa Hamoud

Alaa Hamoud

University of Basrah - Department of Computer Information Systems

Aqeel Humadi

Misan University - Department of Electricity

Date Written: June 2019

Abstract

The improvements in educational data mining (EDM) and machine learning motivated the academic staff to implement educational models to predict the performance of students and find the factors that increase their success. EDM faced many approaches for classifying, analyzing and predicting a student‟s academic performance. This paper presents a model of prediction based on an artificial neural network (ANN) by implementing feature selection (FS). A questionnaire is built to collect students‟ answers using LimeSurvey and google forms. The questionnaire holds a combination of 61 questions that cover many fields such as sports, health, residence, academic activities, social and managerial information. 161 students participated in the survey from two departments (Computer Science Department and Computer Information Systems Department), college of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Basra. The data set is combined from two sources applications and is pre-processed by removing the uncompleted answers to produce 151 answers used in the model. Apart from the model, the FS approach is implemented to find the top correlated questions that affect the final class (Grade). The aim of FS is to eliminate the unimportant questions and find those which are important, besides improving the accuracy of the model. A combination of Four FS methods (Info Gain, Correlation, SVM and PCA) are tested and the average rank of these algorithms is obtained to find the top 30 questions out of 61 questions of the questionnaire. Artificial Neural Network is implemented to predict the grade (Pass (P) or Failed (F)). The model performance is compared with three previous models to prove its optimality.

Keywords: EDM, success prediction, ANN, feature selection, info gain, correlation, SVM, PCA

Suggested Citation

Khalaf, Alaa and Humadi, Aqeel, Student’s Success Prediction Model Based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and a Combination of Feature Selection Methods (June 2019). Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, 54(3), June 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3619933

Alaa Khalaf (Contact Author)

University of Basrah - Department of Computer Information Systems ( email )

Basrah
Iraq

Aqeel Humadi

Misan University - Department of Electricity

Amarah
Iraq

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
52
Abstract Views
190
rank
485,277
PlumX Metrics