Legislative Framework up to the Year 2017. Vehicle Type-Approval.
94 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2020
Date Written: January 23, 2018
Considering that motor vehicles must comply with mandatory and mandatory uniform characteristics between the Member States of the European Union in order to eliminate or at least reduce the obstacles to the establishment and functioning of the common market , characteristics that starting from the year 1970 must be adopted both as a complement and in replacement of the current legislation of the member countries; whereas a check of compliance with the technical requirements has traditionally been carried out by the Member States before the vehicles to which they apply are applied and that this control covers the various types of vehicles, the EEC directive number 156 of 1970 defined the first rules of approval that the member Staes EU must adopt to allow the free movement of motor vehicles in safety. Considers vehicles for any motor vehicle designed to travel on the road, with or without a body, having at least four wheels and a maximum design speed exceeding 25 km / h, as well as its trailers, with the exception of vehicles moving on rails , tractors and agricultural machinery. In this publication (2018-19,06) research and studies are carried out in the field of legislation and vehicle type approval techniques with an interest in the evolution of the regulatory framework up to the year 2017. In the appendix the study of some analytical methods used for the construction and design of internal combustion engines with positive ignition (petrol engines) and compression ignition (diesel engines).
Keywords: vehicle type-approval, legislative framework for vehicle approval and their trailers, general requirements and tests, safety of motor vehicles, pedestrian safety, internal combustion engines: emission limits for harmful substances, exhaust pollutant emissions, performance curves
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