Improved Biomass Cookstove Use in the Longer Run - Results from a Field Experiment in Rural Ethiopia

38 Pages Posted: 9 Jun 2020 Last revised: 18 Jun 2020

See all articles by Alemu Mekonnen

Alemu Mekonnen

Addis Ababa University - Department of Economics

Abebe Beyene

EfD Ethiopia

Randall Ames Bluffstone

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Sahan Dissanayake

Colby College - Department of Economics

Zenebe Gebreegziabher

Mekelle University - Department of Economics

Daniel LaFave

Colby College

Peter Martinsson

University of Gothenburg - Department of Economics and Statistics

Michael Toman

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Date Written: 2020

Abstract

This paper reports on electronically-monitored improved use of the “Mirt” biomass stove in Ethiopia over a relatively long period of three-and-a-half years, using stove use data collected at five points in time. The results show that 62 percent of the households surveyed still retained their stoves after more than three years, which is a low level of abandonment, as the lifetime of the Mirt stove is approximately five years. Dis-adoption of the stove is not correlated with any of three monetary incentives provided at the time of distribution. With and without adjusting for dis-adoption, no longer-run differences in stove retention are found across treatments. Among those who retained their stoves, average regular stove use increased over time, but generally it is statistically the same toward the end of the first year. Thus, despite the relatively long timeframe, no decline is observed in regular usage. Comparing the persistence of the treatment effects, the paper finds that, in the longer run, subsidizing the cost most effectively promotes increased regular use over time.

Suggested Citation

Mekonnen, Alemu and Beyene, Abebe and Bluffstone, Randall Ames and Dissanayake, Sahan and Gebreegziabher, Zenebe and LaFave, Daniel and Martinsson, Peter and Toman, Michael, Improved Biomass Cookstove Use in the Longer Run - Results from a Field Experiment in Rural Ethiopia (2020). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 9272, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3622716

Alemu Mekonnen (Contact Author)

Addis Ababa University - Department of Economics

Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Abebe Beyene

EfD Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Randall Ames Bluffstone

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

Sahan Dissanayake

Colby College - Department of Economics ( email )

Waterville, ME 04901
United States

Zenebe Gebreegziabher

Mekelle University - Department of Economics ( email )

Adi Haki Campus
Post Box No. 451
Mekelle
Ethiopia

Daniel LaFave

Colby College ( email )

Peter Martinsson

University of Gothenburg - Department of Economics and Statistics ( email )

Box 640
Vasagatan 1, E-building, floor 5 & 6
Göteborg, 40530
Sweden

Michael Toman

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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