Categorising Policy & Technology Interventions for a Pandemic: A Comparative and Conceptual Framework
33 Pages Posted: 13 Aug 2020
Date Written: August 10, 2020
A number of government measures and interventions are implemented in response to viral outbreaks or declared global pandemics. To examine the impact government and non-government interventions and technological responses have on individual behaviour, epidemiology, and economic outcomes, we propose a conceptual framework that categorises government policy directives. This framework assigns a gradient indicating the severity or impact of the measure. In doing so we provide a measure that examines the effect of dominant policy initiatives on the outcomes. We demonstrate the value of the categorisation process using the interventions for the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in Italy, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.
Keywords: public choice, applied economics and public policy, international comparison, health policy and technology, stringency trade-offs, COVID-19 pandemic
JEL Classification: I1; I15; I18; O20; D78; H12; H51
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