Socioeconomic Network Heterogeneity and Pandemic Policy Response

77 Pages Posted: 16 Jun 2020

See all articles by Mohammad Akbarpour

Mohammad Akbarpour

Stanford University

Cody Cook

Stanford University

Aude Marzuoli

Replica

Simon Mongey

University of Chicago

Abhishek Nagaraj

UC Berkeley-Haas

Matteo Saccarola

University of Chicago

Pietro Tebaldi

University of Chicago - Department of Economics

Shoshana Vasserman

Stanford Graduate School of Business

Hanbin Yang

Harvard University

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 9, 2020

Abstract

We develop and implement a heterogeneous-agents network-based empirical model to analyze alternative policies during a pandemic outbreak. We combine several data sources, including information on individuals’ mobility and encounters across metropolitan areas, information on health records for millions of individuals, and information on the possibility to be productive while working from home. This rich combination of data sources allows us to build a framework in which the severity of a disease outbreak varies across locations and industries, and across individuals who differ by age, occupation, and preexisting health conditions.

We use this framework to analyze the impact of different social distancing policies in the context of the COVID-19 outbreaks across US metropolitan areas. Our results highlight how outcomes vary across areas in relation to the underlying heterogeneity in population density, social network structures, population health, and employment characteristics. We find that policies by which individuals who can work from home continue to do so, or in which schools and firms alternate schedules across different groups of students and employees, can be effective in limiting the health and healthcare costs of the pandemic outbreak while also reducing employment losses.

Note: Funding: None to declare

Declaration of Interest: None to declare

Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, social distance, reopening, pandemic, epidemic

Suggested Citation

Akbarpour, Mohammad and Cook, Cody and Marzuoli, Aude and Mongey, Simon and Nagaraj, Abhishek and Saccarola, Matteo and Tebaldi, Pietro and Vasserman, Shoshana and Yang, Hanbin, Socioeconomic Network Heterogeneity and Pandemic Policy Response (June 9, 2020). University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3623111 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3623111

Mohammad Akbarpour

Stanford University ( email )

Cody Cook

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Aude Marzuoli

Replica ( email )

United States

Simon Mongey

University of Chicago ( email )

Abhishek Nagaraj

UC Berkeley-Haas ( email )

545 Student Services Building, #1900
2220 Piedmont Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Matteo Saccarola

University of Chicago

Pietro Tebaldi (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )

1126 E. 59th St
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Shoshana Vasserman

Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )

655 Knight Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States

Hanbin Yang

Harvard University ( email )

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