Personality, Social Norms, and Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 151 (December 2019), 109496

20 Pages Posted: 1 Jul 2020

Date Written: December 2019

Abstract

To investigate the association between personality traits, perceived social norms, and sexual harassment in the workplace, 199 white-collar workers answered an online questionnaire (96 men, 103 women). Based on logistic regression analysis, we investigated the associations between sexual harassment behaviors in the workplace, perceived social norms, and the personality traits extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness. Results suggest that lower levels of openness are associated with higher levels of sexual harassment behaviors for both men and women. Furthermore, for both men and women, the association between openness and sexual harassment behaviors is greater if one perceives higher acceptance of sexual harassment by their peers. For men, sexual harassment behaviors are also associated with age, sexual harassment myth acceptance, and lower levels of conscientiousness. In contrast, for women sexual harassment behaviors are associated with higher levels of extraversion and neuroticism.

Keywords: Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Neuroticism, Openness, Sexual harassment, Social norms, Sexism, Personality

JEL Classification: J16

Suggested Citation

Hardies, Kris, Personality, Social Norms, and Sexual Harassment in the Workplace (December 2019). Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 151 (December 2019), 109496, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3623112

Kris Hardies (Contact Author)

University of Antwerp ( email )

Department of Accounting and Finance
Pleinlaan 13
Antwerp, 2000
Belgium

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