A European Minimum Wage: Implications for Poverty and Macroeconomic Imbalances
47 Pages Posted: 10 Jun 2020
Date Written: May 2020
A hypothetical European Minimum Wage (MW) set at 60 percent of each country's median wage would reduce in-work poverty but have limited effects on overall poverty, as many poor households do not earn a wage near MW and higher unemployment, higher prices, and a loss of social insurance benefits may erode direct benefits. Turning to competitiveness, since the MW increase to reach the European standard would be larger in euro area countries with excessive external surpluses, the associated real appreciation should help curb existing imbalances. However, a few countries with already weak external positions would experience an undesirable real appreciation.
Keywords: External sector, Cost of living, Wage policy, Labor costs, Labor markets, Minimum Wage, European Union, Poverty Alleviation, Current Account Rebalancing, Monetary Unions, WP, EMW, poor household, median wage, euro area, harmonization
JEL Classification: J3, E64, F45, I38, E01, E2, Z13, O24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation