Titles of Honor in 21st Century Republics: The Case Studies of France, Italy, and the United States of America
Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences (2020) Volume 10 No 2, 307-324
18 Pages Posted: 7 Jul 2020
Date Written: March 11, 2020
It is a common misconception that Republics lack official titles of honor to recognize distinguished individuals in their societies. The present study focuses on three important examples of Republics that bestow officially recognized titles of honor to prominent people. France is known for the egalitarian ideas of the French Revolution and by the many contributions of its enlightened philosophers to the field of political science and public policy. Nevertheless, France has one of the most well developed and respected honors systems in the world. Italy abolished the monarchy shortly after the end of the World War II but kept the title of “cavalieri”/knight as one of the highest honors bestowed by the Republic. A less clear-cut case is the honors system of the individual states in the United State of America. The present study concludes that titles of honor are not incompatible with a republican regime as long as those honors are not hereditary in nature but rather are based on merit.
Keywords: social stratification, nobility, class, chivalry, honors, decorations
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