Institutional-Cultural Coherence and Economic Development: The Case of the Spanish Regions
100 Pages Posted: 7 Jul 2020 Last revised: 11 Jun 2021
Date Written: June 11, 2020
This article explores the effect of cultural traits coherent with liberal institutions on economic performance. The matching between cultural traits and institutions is what we refer to as cultural-institutional coherence. We study the role played by cultural-institutional coherence on the paths followed by Spanish regions after the country’s liberal reforms in the 19th century. We argue that liberal reforms brought important changes in Spanish institutions and contributed to induce a major rearrangement in the distribution of economic development across regions, favoring those regions with cultural traits more coherent with liberal institutions. Endogeneity issues are solved resorting to the different political paths that the regions experienced in their distant past. Political paths are assessed in terms of municipal autonomy in the Middle Ages and constraints on the executive in the early modern period which, we argue, are good instruments for culture.
Keywords: Economic development, institutions, culture
JEL Classification: Z13, D70, P16, O10
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