China’s Scholarship Shows Atypical Referencing Patterns

Wagner, C. S., Cai, X., & Mukherjee, S. (2020). China’s scholarship shows atypical referencing patterns. Scientometrics, 1-12.

11 Pages Posted: 9 Jul 2020 Last revised: 15 Jul 2020

See all articles by Caroline S. Wagner

Caroline S. Wagner

Ohio State University (OSU)

Xiaojing Cai

Zhejiang University

Satyam Mukherjee

School of Management and Entrepreneurship, Shiv Nadar University

Date Written: June 14, 2020

Abstract

China has greatly increased the number of published works indexed in the Web of Science since 1980. This corpus of scholarship allows analysis of the creativity or innovation of that contribution, where creativity is indicated by deep conventionality and high novelty. A test is applied to analyze reference pairs in articles to search for unexpected referencing combinations at the journal-journal level. The method has shown that atypical reference pairs occur in more highly cited articles. Using articles with at least one Chinese address as indexed in Web of Science for the publication year 2007, we tagged articles based on the conventionality and novelty of the reference pairs, seeking, in particular, those articles that reveal atypicality. This atypical set of articles represented 8% of all Chinese articles, compared to the world level of 7% in 2005. China’s atypical work is also more highly cited than a similar set of records at the world level for the years 1980 to 2000. The findings suggest that China has advanced in its goals of establishing itself as a full participant in global science and technology.

Keywords: atypicality, creativity, China, international collaboration, citation impact

Suggested Citation

Wagner, Caroline S. and Cai, Xiaojing and Mukherjee, Satyam, China’s Scholarship Shows Atypical Referencing Patterns (June 14, 2020). Wagner, C. S., Cai, X., & Mukherjee, S. (2020). China’s scholarship shows atypical referencing patterns. Scientometrics, 1-12., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3626728 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3626728

Caroline S. Wagner (Contact Author)

Ohio State University (OSU) ( email )

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Xiaojing Cai

Zhejiang University ( email )

Yuhangtang 866
Hangzhou, OH Zhejiang 310058
China

Satyam Mukherjee

School of Management and Entrepreneurship, Shiv Nadar University ( email )

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