Gender Differences in COVID-19 Related Attitudes and Behavior: Evidence from a Panel Survey in Eight OECD Countries

37 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last revised: 24 Jun 2020

See all articles by Vincenzo Galasso

Vincenzo Galasso

University of Lugano; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Vincent Pons

Harvard University - Business School (HBS)

Paola Profeta

Bocconi University

Michael Becher

Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse

Sylvain Brouard

Sciences Po - Center for Political Research (CEVIPOF)

Martial Foucault

Sciences Po - Center for Political Research (CEVIPOF)

Date Written: June 2020

Abstract

Using original data from two waves of a survey conducted in March and April 2020 in eight OECD countries (N = 21,649), we show that women are more likely to see COVID-19 as a very serious health problem, to agree with restraining public policy measures adopted in response to it, and to comply with them. Gender differences in attitudes and behavior are substantial in all countries, robust to controlling for a large set of sociodemographic, employment, psychological, and behavioral factors, and only partially mitigated for individuals who cohabit or have direct exposure to COVID-19. The results are not driven by differential social desirability bias. They carry important implications for the spread of the pandemic and may contribute to explain gender differences in vulnerability to it.

Suggested Citation

Galasso, Vincenzo and Pons, Vincent and Profeta, Paola and Becher, Michael and Brouard, Sylvain and Foucault, Martial, Gender Differences in COVID-19 Related Attitudes and Behavior: Evidence from a Panel Survey in Eight OECD Countries (June 2020). NBER Working Paper No. w27359, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3626860

Vincenzo Galasso (Contact Author)

University of Lugano ( email )

Via Giuseppe Buffi 13
Lugano, TN 6900
Switzerland

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Vincent Pons

Harvard University - Business School (HBS) ( email )

Soldiers Field Road
Morgan 270C
Boston, MA 02163
United States

Paola Profeta

Bocconi University ( email )

Milan, MI
Italy

Michael Becher

Institute for Advanced Study in Toulouse ( email )

31015 Toulouse, Cedex 6
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.iast.fr/people/michael-becher

Sylvain Brouard

Sciences Po - Center for Political Research (CEVIPOF) ( email )

98 rue de l'Université
Paris, 75007
France

Martial Foucault

Sciences Po - Center for Political Research (CEVIPOF) ( email )

98 rue de l'Université
Paris, 75007
France

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