Socioeconomic Network Heterogeneity and Pandemic Policy Response

78 Pages Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last revised: 27 Jun 2021

See all articles by Mohammad Akbarpour

Mohammad Akbarpour

Stanford University

Cody Cook

Stanford University

Aude Marzuoli

Replica

Simon Mongey

University of Chicago

Abhishek Nagaraj

UC Berkeley-Haas

Matteo Saccarola

University of Chicago

Pietro Tebaldi

University of Chicago - Department of Economics

Shoshana Vasserman

Stanford Graduate School of Business

Hanbin Yang

Harvard University

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: June 2020

Abstract

We develop a heterogeneous-agents network-based model to analyze alternative policies during a pandemic outbreak, accounting for health and economic trade-offs within the same empirical framework. We leverage a variety of data sources, including data on individuals' mobility and encounters across metropolitan areas, health records, and measures of the possibility to be productively working from home. This combination of data sources allows us to build a framework in which the severity of a disease outbreak varies across locations and industries, and across individuals who differ by age, occupation, and preexisting health conditions. We use this framework to analyze the impact of different social distancing policies in the context of the COVID-19 outbreaks across US metropolitan areas. Our results highlight how outcomes vary across areas in relation to the underlying heterogeneity in population density, social network structures, population health, and employment characteristics. We find that policies by which individuals who can work from home continue to do so, or in which schools and firms alternate schedules across different groups of students and employees, can be effective in limiting the health and healthcare costs of the pandemic outbreak while also reducing employment losses.

Suggested Citation

Akbarpour, Mohammad and Cook, Cody and Marzuoli, Aude and Mongey, Simon and Nagaraj, Abhishek and Saccarola, Matteo and Tebaldi, Pietro and Vasserman, Shoshana and Yang, Hanbin, Socioeconomic Network Heterogeneity and Pandemic Policy Response (June 2020). NBER Working Paper No. w27374, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3626874

Mohammad Akbarpour (Contact Author)

Stanford University ( email )

Cody Cook

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Aude Marzuoli

Replica ( email )

United States

Simon Mongey

University of Chicago ( email )

Abhishek Nagaraj

UC Berkeley-Haas ( email )

545 Student Services Building, #1900
2220 Piedmont Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Matteo Saccarola

University of Chicago

Pietro Tebaldi

University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )

1126 E. 59th St
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Shoshana Vasserman

Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )

655 Knight Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States

Hanbin Yang

Harvard University ( email )

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